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西南联合大学时期的北京大学

1937 - 1946

1937NIAN7YUE7RI,LUGOUQIAOSHIBIANBAOFA。YUEDI,BEIPING、TIANJINXIANGJIXIANLUO。9YUE,FENGJIAOYUBULING,BEIJINGDAXUEYUQINGHUADAXUE、NANKAIDAXUENANQIANZHIXIANG,HEZUZHANGSHALINSHIDAXUE。BEIDAXIAOZHANGJIANGMENGLIN、QINGHUAXIAOZHANGMEIYIQI、NANKAIXIAOZHANGZHANGBOLINGWEILINSHIDAXUECHOUBEIWEIYUANHUICHANGWUWEIYUAN,ZUCHENGCHANGWEIHUIZHUCHIXIAOWU。ZHANGSHALINDAZAIZHANLUANZHONGCANGCUZUJIAN,XIAOSHEHUOZUHUOJIE,SUOXUJINGFEI、TUSHUZILIAO、YIQISHEBEIYANZHONGBUZU,DANSANXIAOSHISHENGKEFUKUNNAN,TONGLIHEZUO,YU11YUE1RIKAISHISHANGKE。LINDASHEYOU17GEXUEXI,YOUJIAOSHI148REN,QIZHONGBEIDA55REN。ZHI11YUE20RI,YUANSANXIAOXUESHENGBAODAO1120REN(QIZHONGBEIDA342REN),LIANTONGZHAOSHOUDEXINSHENG、JIEDUSHENGGONG1452REN。

1937NIAN12YUE13RI,NANJINGXIANLUO,RIJUNKONGXIZHANGSHADECISHUZENGJIA。1938NIAN1YUE,GUOMINZHENGFUPIZHUNLINSHIDAXUEZAIQIANYUNNANKUNMING。2YUE,QUANXIAOSHISHENGFENSANLUFUDIAN,QIZHONGYILUYOU300YUMINGSHISHENGZUCHENGXIANGQIANDIANLVXINGTUAN,TUBUFUDIAN。SHISHENGMENZAILVTUZHONGDINGFENGMAOYU,FANSHANYUELING,YANTUJINXINGKANGRIXUANCHUAN,KAIZHANSHEHUIDIAOCHA,LEJIEMINSUFENGQING,SOUJIMINGEMINYAO,CAIJIJIAOYANBIAOBEN,TONGSHIYEBAOLANLEZUGUODEDAHAOHESHAN,MOLIANLESHENTIHEYIZHI。SUOJINGGEDI,SHOUDAODANGDIMINZHONGDEREQINGYINGSONG。LVXINGTUANHENGKUAXIANGQIANDIANSANSHENG,XINGCHENG1600YUGONGLI,QIZHONGBUXING1300GONGLI,LISHI68TIAN,YU1938NIAN4YUE28RIPINGANDIDAKUNMING,CHUANGZAOLEZHONGGUOGAODENGJIAOYUSHISHANGDEQIJI。

1938NIAN4YUE2RI,ZHANGSHALINSHIDAXUEGENGMINGWEIGUOLIXINANLIANHEDAXUE。XUEXIAOQIANKUNHOUSHOUXIANMIANLINXIAOSHEWENTI,ZAIYUNNANSHENGHEKUNMINGSHIGEJIEDEDALIXIEZHUXIA,ZUDAOKUNHUANONGYEXUEXIAOYONGZUOLIXUEYUANXIAOSHE,TUODONGLUDESANGEHUIGUANJIYANXINGCANGKUYONGZUOGONGXUEYUANXIAOSHE。YOUYUKUNMINGXIAOSHEBUFUSHIYONG,WENFAXUEYUANSHEZAIYUNNANMENGZIXIAN,CHENGLIMENGZIFENXIAO,8YUEDIFENXIAOCHEXIAO。MENGZISHISHENGFANKUNHOU,YOUFENGZENGSHESHIFANXUEYUAN,XIAOSHEGENGJIAJINZHANG,SUIYOUZUJIELEKUNHUASHIFANXUEXIAO、KUNHUAGONGYEXUEXIAO、KUNHUAZHONGXUEDENGXIAOXIAOSHE。XINANLIANDAXINXIAOSHEYU1939NIAN4YUEJIANCHENG,WEIYUKUNMINGSHIXIBEIJIAOSANFENSI,ZHANDI120YUMU,CHUTUSHUGUANHELIANGZUOSHITANGWEIZHUANMUJIEGOUDEWAFANGWAI,QIYUJUNWEITIEPIHUOMAOCAOWEIDINGDETUPIPINGFANG。1940NIAN7YUE,RIBENQINLVEJUNGONGZHANANNAN(YUENAN),YUNNANCHENGWEIQIANXIAN,JUSHIRIYIJINZHANG。GENJUJIAOYUBUYINGZUOWANYIZHUNBEIDEZHISHI,XUEXIAOZAISICHUANXUYONGXIANCHENGLIFENXIAO,YINIANJIJIXIANXIUBANZAICISHANGKE,1941NIAN1YUE6RIKAIXUE,8YUEXUYONGFENXIAOCHEXIAO,QIANFANKUNMINGBENXIAO。LIANDASHEYOUWEN、LI、FASHANG、GONG、SHIFAN5GEXUEYUAN,26GEXI,2GEZHUANXIUKEHE1GEXIANXIUBAN。1939NIAN5YUE,SANXIAOYANJIUYUANXIANGJIZAIKUNMINGHUIFU,BEIDAYANJIUYUANXIASHEWENKE、LIKE、FAKESANGEYANJIUSUO。

ZHANSHIDEBANXUETIAOJIANYICHANGJIANKU。TUSHUGUANDESHUJIASHIYONGMUBAOZHUANGXIANGDUILEIERCHENG,ZANGSHUJINJIWANCE。TUSHUGUANZUOWEIJINZHANGSHI,YOUXIETONGXUEJIUDAOJIESHANGDECHAGUANQU,BUJINKEYIDUSHU、TAOLUN,HAIKEYIJIEJUEHESHUIWENTI。“LIANDAXUESHENGPAOCHAGUAN”CHENGWEIZHANSHIKUNMINGDEDUTEJINGZHI。SHIYANSHEBEIDUANQUE,JIAOYUANJINGCHANGDONGSHOUZHIZUO,YINLOUJIUJIAN,YIYINGJIXU。YOUYUWUJIABUDUANSHANGZHANG,SHISHENGSHENGHUORIQUKUNNAN。ZIKANGZHANYILAIZHI1943NIAN,KUNMINGWUJIASHANGZHANGLE300BEI,LIANDAJIAOZHIYUANDEXINJINQUEZHIZENGJIALE5BEI。WEILESHENGJI,JIAOSHIBUDEBUDAOQITAXUEXIAOJIANKE,SHENZHILIANJIACHUSHOUSHUJI、YIWUDENG,TONGXUEZELIYONGKEYUSHIJIANDAOXIAOWAIJIANCHA。TIAOJIANSUIRANJIANKU,SHISHENGQUEDUIKANGZHANSHENGLICHONGMANXINXIN,XIANGEBUCHUO,QINFENJIAOXUE。

ZAIKONGQIANDEGUONANMIANQIAN,XINANLIANDAYI“GANGYIJIANZHUO”DEJINGSHEN,HEZHONGGONGJI,JIANNANBANXUE。LIANDAJIZHONGLESANXIAOZHUMINGJIAOSHOU、XUEZHE,SHIZILILIANGXIONGHOU。WENKEDUOJIANTONGZHONGXIDEXUEZHE,LIGONGKEJIYOURUOGANJICHUXUEKEHEGONGCHENGJISHUXUEKEDEKAICHUANGZHEHEDIANJIREN,YOUYOUKANGZHANQIANHOULIUXUEGUIGUODEYIXIEQINGNIANJIAOSHOU,JUNJUYOUJIAOGAODEJIAOXUESHUIPINGHEXUESHUSHUIZHUN。LIANDAJIAOSHIBUDANXUESHUZAOYIJINGSHEN,ERQIEJUYOUHENQIANGDEJINGYEJINGSHEN。RUZHOUPEIYUAN、WUDAYOUDENGJIAOSHOUJUZHUZAILIXUEXIAOSHUSHILIYUANDEJIAOQU,WEIBAOZHENGXUESHENGDETINGKEXIAOGUO,CONGBUCAIQULIANXUSHUXIAOSHIJIZHONGSHOUKEDEFANGSHI,YIMEN3XUEFENDEKECHENG,TAMENBUXISHUXIAOSHIDELUTUWANGFAN,JIANCHIMEIZHOUSANCILAIXIAOSHOUKE。LIANDASHIFENZHUZHONGXUESHENGDEJICHUXUNLIANHESHIYANSHIXIDENGHUANJIE,ZHIMINGJIAOSHOUQINZIJIANGSHOUJICHUKEHEBIXIUKE。JIAOXUEGUANLIYIFEICHANGYANGE。XUEXIAOGUIDING,BUJIGEDEKECHENGBUXUBUKAO,XUEFENJIWEILINGFEN。RUGUOBIXIUKEBUJIGE,BIXUZAIXIAYIXUENIANZHONGDU,RUGEYIXUENIANZAIDU,JISHIJIGEYEBUJIXUEFEN。XUEXIAOHAISHIFENZHONGSHIXUESHENGDONGSHOUNENGLIDEPEIYANG,RUHUAXUEXIDEDINGLIANGFENXISHIYAN,SHIYANSHUJUDABUDAOYIDINGDEJINGDU,BIXULIANYEZHONGZUO。ZHEIZHONGYANJINDEJIAOXUEZUOFENG,BUJINWEIXUESHENGDIANDINGLEZHASHIDEZHISHIJICHU,YEPEIYULELIANGHAODEXUEFENG。LIANDAJIAOSHIJIAOXUEYUKEYANBINGZHONG,ZAITUSHUZILIAO、YIQISHEBEIJIQIQUEFA,CHUBANTIAOJIANHENCHADEQINGKUANGXIA,RENGJIANCHIJINXINGKEXUEYANJIU,ZHUANXIELEHENDUOGAOSHUIZHUNDEXUESHULUNZHU,YOUDUOXIANGZAI1941NIANZHI1945NIANJIAOYUBUJUBANDEWUJIEXUESHUPINGYIHUODONGZHONGHUOJIANG。QIZHONGHUOYIDENGJIANGDEYOU:《DUILEISUSHULUN》(HUALUOGENG)、《TUANLIULUN》(ZHOUPEIYUAN)、《DUOYUANZIFENZIZHENDONGGUANGPUYUJIEGOU》(WUDAYOU)、《XINLIXUE》(FENGYOULAN)、《HANWEILIANGJINNANBEICHAOFOJIAOSHI》(TANGYONGTONG)、《TANGDAIZHENGZHISHISHULUNGAO》(CHENYINKE)DENG,ZHANYIDENGJIANGZONGSHUDE40%。

XINANLIANDAYIZAIJIANNANTIAOJIANXIAPEIYANGYOUDENGRENCAIZHUCHENGYUSHI。CHUANGXIAOJIUNIANLAI,GONGYOUZAIXIAOSHENGYUE8000REN,QIZHONGBENZHUANKE、YANJIUSHENGBIYE3882REN。ZAITAMENZHONGJIAN,HOUBEIPINGWEIZHONGGUOKEXUEYUAN、ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANHEWAIJIYUANSHIDEYOU90REN;ZAIGUOJIASHOUYU“LIANGDANYIXINGGONGXUNJIANGZHANG”DE23WEIKEXUEJIAZHONGYOU6WEISHILIANDAXUESHENG;3RENHUO“GUOJIAZUIGAOKEXUEJISHUJIANG”;2RENHUO“NUOBEIERWULIXUEJIANG”。TAMENDUIGUOJIADEJIANSHEFAZHANHERENLEIDEKEXUESHIYEZUOCHULETUCHUGONGXIAN。ZAIJINZHANGDEKETANGXUEXIZHIYU,ZHONGDUODESHETUANZUZHIKAIZHANLESHENGDONGHUOPO、XINGSHIDUOYANGDEHUODONG,DUIYUTIGAOXUESHENGWENHUASUYANG,DUANLIANHUODONGNENGLIQIDAOLEJIJIZUOYONG。

LIANDATONGXUEWEIKANGRIJIUGUOYONGYUECANJUN,CENGYOUSANCIJIAODAGUIMODECANJUNHUODONG。XIANHOUYOU1100DUORENTOUBICONGRONG,YUEZHANXUESHENGZONGSHUDE14%,QIZHONGHEMAOXUN(HEFANG)、HUANGWEI、MOUHONGDENG15RENZAIKANGRIZHANZHENGZHONGYISHENXUNGUO。CIHOUHAIYOUQILIANG、LIUGUOZHI、RONGSHIZHENGDENG14WEILIESHIZAIJIEFANGZHANZHENGHEJIANGUOCHUQIGONGGUZHENGQUANDEDOUZHENGZHONGJUANQU。TAMENSHIGUOJIAMINZUDEJIAOAO,YESHIXINANLIANDADEGUANGRONG。

KANGRIZHANZHENGSHENGLIHOU,RENMINQIPANYIJIUDEHEPINGZHONGYUKEYILAILIN,ERJIANGJIESHIZHENGFUQUEJIANCHIDUCAIHENEIZHAN,GONGCHANDANGSHUNYINGMINYIFACHU“QUANGUORENMINDONGYUANQILAI,YONGYIQIEFANGFAZHIZHINEIZHAN”DEHAOZHAO。XINANLIANDA、YUNNANDAXUEDENGXIAODEXUESHENGZIZHIHUIYU1945NIAN11YUE25RILIANHEJUBANFANNEIZHANSHISHIWANHUI,ZAOGUOMINDANGJUNDUIMINGQIANGWEIXIE。12YUE1RI,WUZHUANGJUNRENHEBAOTUFENBIEXIJIXINANLIANDAXINXIAOSHEHESHIFANXUEYUAN,TOUZHISHIKUAIHESHOULIUDAN,LIANDASHIYUANZHUANXIUKEXUESHENGPANYAN(NV)、LILULIAN、NANJINGZHONGXUEJIAOYUANYUZAIHEKUNHUAGONGXIAOXUESHENGZHANGHUACHANGYUNAN,50DUOMINGXUESHENGSHOUSHANG。JIANGJIESHIZHENGFUYISHOUZHIZAODE“YIER·YI”CANAN,JIQILESHISHENGJIDADEFENNU,TAMENJUXINGKANGYIDAHUI,DEDAOQUANGUOJIN20GECHENGSHIGEJIERENSHIDESHENGYUAN。ZAIZHONGGONGDIXIAZUZHIDELINGDAOXIA,KUNMINGXUESHENGYUFANDONGPAIJINXINGLEZHENFENGXIANGDUIDEDOUZHENG,JIEKAILEJIEFANGZHANZHENGDIERTIAOZHANXIANDEXUMU。

“SHENJINGFU,HAIYANJIE。”KANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,ZUCHENGLIANDADESANXIAOFUYUANBEIFANPINGJIN,DANYOUYUJIAOTONGJINZHANG,SANXIAOZAIPINGJINDEXIAOSHEYEXUXIUSHAN,LIANDAZAIKUNMINGYOUXUBANYINIAN。1946NIAN5YUE4RI,XINANLIANHEDAXUEJUXINGJIEYEDIANLI,ZHENGSHIXUANGAOJIESHU。SHIFANXUEYUANJIXULIUKUNBANXUE,1946NIAN8YUEGENGMINGWEIGUOLIKUNMINGSHIFANXUEYUAN(JINYUNNANSHIFANDAXUE)。XINANLIANHEDAXUEGUANGRONGDIWANCHENGLEZHANSHIDAXUEDELISHISHIMING,“NEISHUXUESHUZIYOUZHIGUIMO,WAILAIMINZHUBAOLEIZHICHENGHAO”,PUXIELEZHONGGUOJIAOYUSHISHANGDEGUANGHUIPIANZHANG。


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