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“文化大革命”时期的北京大学

1966 - 1976

1966NIAN5YUE16RI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGTONGGUOLE“WU·YILIUTONGZHI”,BIAOZHIZHE“WENHUADAGEMING”DEKAISHI。ZAIKANGSHENGJIQIQICAOYIOUDECEHUAXIA,ZHEXUEXINIEYUANZIDENGYU5YUE25RITIECHULETIWEI《SONGSHUO、LUPING、PENGPEIYUNZAIWENHUAGEMINGZHONGJIUJINGGANXIESHENME?》DEDAZIBAO,WUXIAN、GONGJIBEIJINGDAXUEDANGWEIHEBEIJINGSHIWEI。6YUE1RI,ZHONGYANGRENMINGUANGBODIANTAIGENJUMAOZEDONGZHUXIDEPISHI,QUANWENBOFALEZHEIZHANGDAZIBAO。DANGWAN,HUABEIJUPAIZHUBEIJINGDAXUEGONGZUOZUJINXIAO。6YUE4RICHEN,XINGAIZUDEBEIJINGSHIWEIFUZERENDAOBEIDAXUANBU:CHEXIAOBEIDADANGWEISHUJILUPING、FUSHUJIPENGPEIYUNDEYIQIEZHIWU,BINGDUIBEIDADANGWEIJINXINGGAIZU,YOUGONGZUOZUDAIXINGDANGWEIZHIQUAN。7YUE26RI,ZAIBEIDAZHAOKAIDEWANREN“BIANLUN”DAHUISHANG,BEIJINGSHIWEIXUANBUCHEXIAOZHUBEIDAGONGZUOZU,JIANGQINGDIANMINGYAONIEYUANZICHOUZUBEIJINGDAXUEWENHUAGEMINGWEIYUANHUI。9YUE11RI,YINIEYUANZIWEIZHURENDEBEIJINGDAXUEWENHUAGEMINGWEIYUANHUI(JIANCHENG“XIAOWENGE”)CHENGLI。XIAOWENGECHENGLIHOU,BEIDACHUXIANLEXUDUOZAOFANPAIZUZHI,BINGZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEYANZHONGDUILIDELIANGDAPAI,RIQUJILIEDEPAIXINGDOUZHENGYIDUFAZHANCHENGDAGUIMODEWUDOU,XIAOYUANYIPIANHUNLUAN,XUEXIAOCAICHANZAODAOYANZHONGPOHUAI。1968NIAN9YUE18RI,SHOUDOUGONGRENJIEFANGJUNMAOZEDONGSIXIANGXUANCHUANDUI492RENJINZHUBEIDA,XIAOXILIANGJIJUNYOU“GONGJUNXUANDUI”LINGDAO。1969NIAN9YUE27RI,BEIJINGDAXUEGEMINGWEIYUANHUICHENGLI,YANGDEZHONGRENZHUREN。1971NIAN5YUE,BEIDAZHAOKAILEZHONGGONGDILIUCIDANGDAIHUI,YANGDEZHONGRENDANGWEISHUJI。1972NIAN2YUE,ZHONGGONGBEIJINGSHIWEITONGZHI,WANGLIANLONGRENBEIDADANGWEISHUJIHEXIAOGEWEIHUIZHUREN。

“WENHUADAGEMING”DESHINIAN,BEIJINGDAXUESHIZHONGZAIQU。BEIDACENGBEIJIASHANG“FANDANGFANSHEHUIZHUYIDEWANGUBAOLEI”DENGGEZHONGMOXUYOUDEZUIMING,DAPIGANBUHEJIAOSHIBEIDACHENG“HEIBANGFENZI”、“ZOUZIPAI”、“FANDONGXUESHUQUANWEI”,SHOUDAOCANKUPOHAI。ZHEIQIJIAN,BEICHAOJIADEYOU400DUOHU,YUANJIACUOAN1000YUZONG,BAOKUOZHUMINGXUEZHERAOYUTAI、JIANBOZAN、YUDAYINZAINEIDE60YURENFEIZHENGCHANGSIWANG。1968NIAN“QINGLIJIEJIDUIWU”,QUANXIAODABUFENJIAOZHIGONGBEIQIANGLINGJIZHONGSHISU,SHIQUXINGDONGZIYOU。1969NIAN,JIQIANMINGJIAOSHIBEIXIAFANGDAOXUEXICHONGYIQUJIANGXILIYUZHOUNONGCHANGJINXINGLAODONGGAIZAO,JIESHOUZAIJIAOYU。“WENHUADAGEMING”ZHONG,“SIRENBANG”GUCHUI“DUSHUWUYONGLUN”,BEIDATONGQUANGUOYIYANGBEIPOTINGKE,TINGZHIZHAOSHENGDA4NIANZHIJIU,ZAIRENCAIPEIYANGFANGMIANZAOCHENGLEWUKEWANHUIDEJUDASUNSHI。

DAO1970NIAN,“WENHUADAGEMING”QIANRUXUEDEZAIXIAOSHENGYIQUANBUBIYE。DANGNIAN6YUE27RI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGPIZHUAN《BEIJINGDAXUE、QINGHUADAXUEGUANYUZHAOSHENG(SHIDIAN)DEQINGSHIBAOGAO》,BAOGAOGUIDINGGAODENGXUEXIAOZHAOSHENGFEICHUKAOSHIZHIDU,“SHIXINGQUNZHONGTUIJIAN、LINGDAOPIZHUN、XUEXIAOFUSHENXIANGJIEHEDEBANFA”,ZHUYAOCONGGONGREN、NONGMIN、JIEFANGJUNZHONGZHAOSHOU“GONGNONGBINGXUEYUAN”。ZI1970NIANZHI1976NIAN,BEIDAGONGZHAOSHOULE7JIEGONGNONGBINGXUEYUAN12700DUOREN。YOUYUXUEYUANRUXUESHIDEWENHUACHENGDUCHABIEXUANSHU,JIAOXUEGONGZUOMIANLINJIDADEKUNNAN。WEILESHIYINGZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,JIAOSHIMENZAIJIAOXUEFANGFA、FANGSHIYIJINEIRONGFANGMIANDOUZUOLEXUDUOXINDECHANGSHI,YISHIXUESHENGXUEDAOGENGDUODEKEXUEWENHUAZHISHI。ZAISHISHENGDEGONGTONGNULIXIA,GONGNONGBINGXUEYUANDEWENHUASHUIPINGDOUZAIYUANYOUDEJICHUSHANGYOULEJIAODATIGAO,XUDUORENBIYEHOUCHENGWEIXINSHIQIGUOJIAJIANSHEDEGUGANLILIANG。

“WENHUADAGEMING”CHUQI,BEIJINGDAXUEDEKEXUEYANJIUJIBENTINGDUN。CONG1970KAISHI,MOUXIEYINGYONGXIANGMUDEYANJIUZHUBUHUIFUJINXING,DANSHIJICHUKEXUEDEYANJIURENGBEISHIWEIJINQU。DUICI,ZHOUENLAIZONGLICENGZAI1972NIAN7YUE14RIJIEJIANMEIJIZHONGGUOKEXUEJIADAIBIAOTUANSHI,DUIZAIZUODEZHOUPEIYUANSHUO:“NIHUIQUBABEIDALIKEBANHAO,BAJICHULILUNSHUIPINGTIGAO,ZHEISHIWOJIAOJINIDERENWU,YOUSHENMEZHANGAIJIUBATABADIAO。”ZHOUZONGLIDEZHISHI,SHIREAIKEXUEHEJIAOYUSHIYEDEJIAOSHISHOUDAOGUWU,JIJIYUNNIANGBAZAODAOYANZHONGPOHUAIDEJICHULILUNYANJIUKAIZHANQILAI。WEIGUANCHEZHOUZONGLIZHISHI,10YUE6RI,ZHOUPEIYUANZAI《GUANGMINGRIBAO》SHANGFABIAO《DUIZONGHEDAXUELIKEJIAOYUGEMINGDEYIXIEKANFA》DEWENZHANG,QIANGDIAO“DUIJIBENLILUNDEJIAOXUEYANJIUYINGYUZUGOUDEZHONGSHI”。GAIWENFABIAOHOU,ZHANGCHUNQIAO、YAOWENYUANZHISHISHANGHAI《WENHUIBAO》LIANXUFABIAOWENZHANG,JINXINGTAOFA。1973NIANDI“SIRENBANG”YOUFADONG“FANYOUQINGHUICHAO”YUNDONG,BAMAOTOUZHIZHIZHOUZONGLI,SHICHUBUHUIFUDEGONGZUOZAICISHOUDAOCUOZHE。JINGUANRUCI,ZHONGCHENGYURENMINJIAOYUSHIYEDEGUANGDAJIAOZHIYUANGONG,ZAIJIDUANKUNNANDETIAOJIANXIA,RENGRANNULIGONGZUO,ZAIMOUXIEYANJIULINGYUQUDELEYIXIECHENGJI:SHENGWUXUEXI、HUAXUEXIYUZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANXIONGDIDANWEIHEZUO,SHIZHUYIDAOSUJINGTIJIEGOUDECEDINGCHENGGUODADAOLESHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPING;BEIDADIANZIYIQICHANGYUYOUGUANDANWEIHEZUO,1973NIANZAIBEIDAYANZHICHENGGONGZHONGGUODIYITAIBAIWANCIJICHENGDIANLUDIANZIJISUANJI,BINGHENKUAITOURUDAOSHIYOUDENGBUMENSHIYONG;DIANZIYIQICHANGBANDAOTICHEJIAN(WEIDIANZIYANJIUSUOQIANSHEN)YANZHICHENGGONGZHONGGUODIYIKUAIGUIZHAPGOUDAOHENGOUDAOMOS1024WEISUIJICUNCHUQI;WUXIANDIANXIYANJIUDENVYUANZIZHONGDADAODANGSHIDESHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPING;DIQIUWULIXUEXIYUXIONGDIDANWEIHEZUOZAIWEIMINGHUPANJIANLILEZHONGGUODIYIGEWEIXINGYUNTUJIESHOUZHAN,BINGPEIXUNLE116MINGZHONGGUOZUIZAODEWEIXINGYUNTUDEJIESHOUHEFENXIGUGAN;DIZHIDILIXUEXI20DUOMINGSHISHENGCANJIALEDUIXIZANGDIREZIYUANDEKAOCHA,WEIXIZANGJINGJIFAZHANHEDIQIUKEXUEDEYANJIUZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。YISHANGYANJIUCHENGGUOJUNHUODELE1978NIANQUANGUOKEXUEDAHUIJIANG。1975NIAN,BEIJINGDAXUEQIYONGXINTUSHUGUAN,XINGUANBUJINSHIBEIDALISHISHANGGUIMOZUIDADEGUANSHE,YESHIDANGSHIGUONEIJIANZHUMIANJIZUIDA、SHEBEITIAOJIANZUIHAO、ZANGSHUZUIFENGFUDEDAXUETUSHUGUAN。

1969NIAN10YUE,BEIDAZAISHANXIHANZHONGJIANLIFENXIAO。FENXIAOSHEYOUWUXIANDIANXI、JISHUWULIXUEXI、LIXUEXIDENG3GEXI,10GEZHUANYE,SHISHENGYUANGONG1600YUREN。ZAIJIDUANKUNNANDETIAOJIANXIA,JIAOZHIGONGJIANKUFENDOU,PEIYANGLE6JIEGONGNONGBINGXUEYUAN,WANCHENGLE20YUXIANGGUOJIAKEJIXIANGMU。1978NIAN,JINGZHONGYANGPIZHUNHANZHONGFENXIAOQIANHUIBEIJING。


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